Papua New Guinea has a population as of July 2019 of eight million people. 80% of it’s people live in rural areas that typically don’t have facilities for modern life. The capital of this stunning Island is Port Moresby, there is a population of about 310,000 people residing there. The second largest city in New Guinea is Lea, this city is the biggest cargo port in New Guinea. This city is home to the Papua New Guinea University of Technology. The major 3 languages that are spoke there are English, Tok Pisin, and Hiri Motu. There are about 700 different native tongs spoke here though! Sadly 30% of the population is living below the international poverty line which is 1.25$ USD. The biggest effecting disease is malaria which in 2013 effected at least 1.7 million people. The major religions that are followed there are Christianity and other indigenous beliefs. In 1546 a Spanish explorer named Inigo Ortiz de Retes names the other main island New Guinea because he thinks the islanders resemble the people of Guinea in Africa. In 1975 Papua New Guinea received full independence from Australia.