November 24

#3 News Article

BEIRUT — A massive explosion rocked Beirut on Tuesday, flattening much of the port, damaging buildings across the capital and sending a giant mushroom cloud into the sky. More than 60 people were killed and more than 3,000 injured, with bodies buried in the rubble, officials said.

Hours later, ambulances still carried away the wounded as army helicopters helped battle fires raging at the port.

The sudden devastation overwhelmed a country already struggling with both the coronavirus pandemic and an economic crisis: Beirut hospitals quickly filled beyond capacity, pleading for blood supplies and generators to keep their lights on.

The cause of the blast, which sparked fires, overturned cars and blew out windows and doors, was not immediately known.

Abbas Ibrahim, chief of Lebanese General Security, said it might have been caused by highly explosive material that was confiscated from a ship some time ago and stored at the port. Local television channel LBC said the material was sodium nitrate.

Witnesses reported seeing a strange orange-colored cloud over the site after the explosion. Orange clouds of toxic nitrogen dioxide gas often accompany an explosion involving nitrates.

An Israeli government official said Israel “had nothing to do” with the blast. He spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to discuss the matter with the media. Israeli officials usually do not comment on “foreign reports.”

The blast was stunning even for a city that has seen civil war, suicide bombings and bombardment by Israel. It could be heard and felt as far away as Cyprus, more than 200 kilometers (180 miles) across the Mediterranean.

“It was a real horror show. I haven’t seen anything like that since the days of the (civil) war,” said Marwan Ramadan, who was about 500 meters (yards) from the port and was knocked off his feet by the force of the explosion.

Health Minister Hassan Hamad said the preliminary toll was more than 60 dead and more than 3,000 wounded. Emergency teams streamed in from across Lebanon to help, and the injured had to be taken to hospitals outside the capital. Hamad added that hospitals were barely coping and offers of aid were pouring in from Arab states and friends of Lebanon.

Some of those injured lay on the ground at the port, Associated Press staff at the scene said. A civil defense official said there were still bodies inside the port, many under debris.

Beirut’s governor, Marwan Abboud, broke into tears as he toured the site, saying, “Beirut is a devastated city.”

Initially, video taken by residents showed a fire raging at the port, sending up a giant column of smoke, illuminated by flashes of what appear to be fireworks. Local TV stations reported that a fireworks warehouse was involved.

The fire then appeared to catch at a nearby building, triggering a more massive explosion, sending up a mushroom cloud and a shock wave.

Charbel Haj, who works at the port, said it started as small explosions like firecrackers. Then, he said, he was thrown off his feet by the huge blast. His clothes were torn.

Miles from the port, building facades were shredded, balconies were knocked down and windows shattered. Streets were covered with glass and bricks and lined with wrecked cars. Motorcyclists picked their way through traffic, carrying the injured.

One woman covered in blood from the waist up walked down a trashed street while talking furiously on her phone. On another street, a woman with a bloodied face looked distraught, staggering through traffic with two friends at her side.

“This country is cursed,” a young man passing by muttered.

The blast came at a time when Lebanon’s economy is facing collapse from the financial crisis and the coronavirus restrictions. Many have lost jobs, while the worth of their savings has evaporated as the currency has plunged in value against the dollar. The result has thrown many into poverty.

It also occurred amid rising tensions between Israel and the militant Hezbollah group along Lebanon’s southern border.

The explosion was reminiscent of massive blasts during Lebanon’s civil war and took place only three days before a U.N.-backed tribunal was set to give its verdict in the killing of former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri in a truck bombing more than 15 years ago. That explosion, with a ton of explosives, was felt miles away, just like Tuesday’s explosion.

Several of Beirut’s hospitals were damaged in the blast. Roum Hospital put out a call for people to bring it spare generators to keep its electricity going as it evacuated patients because of heavy damage.

Outside the St. George University Hospital in Beirut’s Achrafieh neighborhood, people with various injuries arrived in ambulances, in cars and on foot. The explosion had caused major damage inside the building and knocked out the electricity at the hospital. Dozens of injured were being treated on the spot on the street outside, on stretchers and wheelchairs.

“This is a catastrophe we have on our hands,” said one doctor, speaking on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to make press statements.

I recently read an article from PBS news. The article talked about the explosion that happened in Beirut, Lebanon on August 4th. The article goes through the event s from the first explosion to the second explosionPhotos: Beirut explosion | WFXRtvand it also talks about what locals were doing after wards. It also talks a little about the state of what some the hospitals are in. There was 2 explosions that day as well. The second being caused by the fires from the first. It caused a lot of damage and it injured serval and killed 60 people. Many hospitals had top rely on generators to keep the electricity going. One hospital had to treat patients outside of the hospital.

An issue that they are facing is that a port blew up injuring many during a time of an economic crisis and COVID. COVID did not help their finical situation at all, “The blast came at a time when Lebanon’s economy is facing collapse from the financial crisis and the coronavirus restrictions. Many have lost jobs, while the worth of their savings has evaporated as the currency has plunged in value against the dollar. The result has thrown many into poverty.” So they are facing an economical crash while serval had already lost their jobs due to COVID, which probably worsen their situation, then their capital city blows up. Gotta say that would be rough to return from. With all if these combined there’s probably more problems arising. If that’s not worse enough the explosion happened during a time with rising tensions between Israel and a group on the southern boarder of Lebanon. 

I believe that they are in a state of unrest. After everything they’ve gone through, well who wouldn’t be in a state of unrest. They do not lead in globally in something as far as I know. I don’t think it really impacts us as a country, but maybe it should. Maybe, just maybe we could help them out every once in a while. Kinda like a good neighbor would do.

 

November 3

Post #2 – Background Information

  • Lebanon - Traveler view | Travelers' Health | CDCThis is the first post of actual information on Lebanon. It’s just going to be background information such as, population, major cities, major languages, etc. Lebanon country profile from BBC says  the country’s population is 6 million. Most in the capital city Beirut with the population of 1,916,100. The next largest city is Tripoli with the population of 229,398. Beirut is the country’s largest and main seaport. It is also one of the oldest cities in the world, dating back to the ancient Egyptian times. The major language spoken there is Arabic, which makes sense due to it being in the Middle East. It was a little difficult to find a good place for the disease rates, but I did find this; https://www.who.int/hac/crises/Lebanon_Aug06.pdf. It’s a pdf if the information of diseases and just the health in general in Lebanon. It’s from the World Health Organization. On the poverty topic over 50% are below the poverty line. While looking for something on agriculture I found this: http://www.fao.org/pgrfa-gpa-archive/lbn/lebanon2.pdf. So I guess there is 66 pages on the agricultural in Lebanon, that’s cool. A little of what I saw was that Lebanon grows olive trees, fruit trees, and cereals. Lebanon in 2017 used 0.38 quadrillion BTU of energy, that’s only 0.06% of global energy consumption. The country’s main religions are Islam and Christianity. There was a civil war that lasted from 1975 to 1990. The thing that started it all was when phalangist gunmen attacked a bus in April of 1975. They claimed that it was because guerrillas had attacked a church in the same district. These clashes started the civil war. That’s what I learned from all of these sites, pretty much.

 

 

 

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-14647308

https://www.geonames.org/LB/largest-cities-in-lebanon.html

https://earth.esa.int/web/earth-watching/image-of-the-week/content/-/article/beirut-leban-1

https://www.worldometers.info/energy/lebanon-energy/

https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.bbc.com/news/amp/world-middle-east-14649284

 

October 27

Post #1 Introduction

I selected the country Lebanon. I don’t really know why I selected it. In 8th grade when we were memorizing the countries in the middle east, it was one of  two countries that was easy to remember. Lebanon just intrigues me and it’s something I can’t really explain.

I don’t know what I’ll find while researching this country. I also don’t have questions either. Maybe some questions will pop up along the way.

October 27

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